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Library Tutorials: Evaluating Sources

Evaluating Sources

Evaluate each source individually based on the identified criteria to ensure it is academically appropriate. 

If you need help evaluating a source, contact a librarian.

Evaluating Sources with the CRAAP Test

One method of evaluating resources is the C.R.A.A.P. test.  The test provides a list of questions to ask yourself when deciding whether or not a source is reliable and credible enough to use in your academic research paper.  CRAAP stands for Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, and Purpose.

Currency:  When was the paper or article published?  Is it up to date?

Relevance:  How does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?

Authority:  Who authored the paper or article?  Why should I trust him or her?

Accuracy:  Where does the information come from?  Is it supported by evidence?

Purpose:  Is the purpose of the article to inform, teach, sell, entertain or persuade?

Evaluation Worksheet

How to Spot Fake News

How to Spot Fake News

Want to learn more tips for spotting fake news?  Check out this guide on identifying and avoiding fake news from Indiana University.